International Journal of Sport Studies for Health

Published by: Kowsar

Effect of Distance Increase of External Focus of Attention on Tracking Task Learning Under Secondary Task Condition

Omid Ansari 1 , * , Mahshid Zarezade 1 and Alireza Saberi Kakhaki 2
Authors Information
1 Department of Motor Behaviour, Faculty of Sport Sciences, Shahid Bahonar University of Kerman, Kerman, Iran
2 Department of Motor Behaviour, Faculty of Physical Education and Sport Sciences, Ferdowsi University of Mashhad (FUM), Mashhad, Iran
Article information
  • International journal of Sport Studies for Health: April 2018, 1 (2); e82043
  • Published Online: July 23, 2018
  • Article Type: Research Article
  • Received: July 12, 2018
  • Accepted: July 15, 2018
  • DOI: 10.5812/intjssh.82043

To Cite: Ansari O, Zarezade M, Saberi Kakhaki A. Effect of Distance Increase of External Focus of Attention on Tracking Task Learning Under Secondary Task Condition, Int J Sport Stud Hlth. 2018 ; 1(2):e82043. doi: 10.5812/intjssh.82043.

Abstract
Copyright © 2018, International Journal of Sport Studies for Health. This is an open-access article distributed under the terms of the Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial 4.0 International License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc/4.0/) which permits copy and redistribute the material just in noncommercial usages, provided the original work is properly cited
1. Background
2. Methods
3. Results
4. Discussion
Footnote
References
  • 1. Wulf G, Lauterbach B, Toole T. The learning advantages of an external focus of attention in golf. Res Q Exerc Sport. 1999;70(2):120-6. doi: 10.1080/02701367.1999.10608029. [PubMed: 10380243].
  • 2. Wulf G, McConnel N, Gartner M, Schwarz A. Enhancing the learning of sport skills through external-focus feedback. J Mot Behav. 2002;34(2):171-82. doi: 10.1080/00222890209601939. [PubMed: 12057890].
  • 3. Wulf G, McNevin N, Shea CH. The automaticity of complex motor skill learning as a function of attentional focus. Q J Exp Psychol A. 2001;54(4):1143-54. doi: 10.1080/713756012. [PubMed: 11765737].
  • 4. McNevin NH, Shea CH, Wulf G. Increasing the distance of an external focus of attention enhances learning. Psychol Res. 2003;67(1):22-9. doi: 10.1007/s00426-002-0093-6. [PubMed: 12589447].
  • 5. Wulf G, Dufek JS. Increased jump height with an external focus due to enhanced lower extremity joint kinetics. J Mot Behav. 2009;41(5):401-9. doi: 10.1080/00222890903228421. [PubMed: 19846388].
  • 6. Zachry T, Wulf G, Mercer J, Bezodis N. Increased movement accuracy and reduced EMG activity as the result of adopting an external focus of attention. Brain Res Bull. 2005;67(4):304-9. doi: 10.1016/j.brainresbull.2005.06.035. [PubMed: 16182938].
  • 7. Banks SD. Distal and proximal attentional focus effects on the performance of closed and open continuous motor skills [dissertation]. University of Edinburgh; 2015.
  • 8. McKay B, Wulf G. A distal external focus enhances novice dart throwing performance. Int J Sport Exer P. 2012;10(2):149-56. doi: 10.1080/1612197x.2012.682356.
  • 9. Porter JM, Anton PM, Wu WF. Increasing the distance of an external focus of attention enhances standing long jump performance. J Strength Cond Res. 2012;26(9):2389-93. doi: 10.1519/JSC.0b013e31823f275c. [PubMed: 22067252].
  • 10. Duke RA, Cash CD, Allen SE. Focus of Attention Affects Performance of Motor Skills in Music. J Res Music Educ. 2011;59(1):44-55. doi: 10.1177/0022429410396093.
  • 11. McKay B, Wulf G, Lewthwaite R, Nordin A. The self: Your own worst enemy? A test of the self-invoking trigger hypothesis. Q J Exp Psychol (Hove). 2015;68(9):1910-9. doi: 10.1080/17470218.2014.997765. [PubMed: 25565349].
  • 12. Wulf G. Attentional focus and motor learning: A review of 10 years of research. E-j Beweg train. 2007;1:4-14.
  • 13. Schuhfried G. Vienna Test System Psychological Assessment catalog. Austria: Schuhfried; 2012.
  • 14. Schoor C, Bannert M, Brunken R. Role of dual task design when measuring cognitive load during multimedia learning. Educ Tech Res. 2012;60(5):753-68. doi: 10.1007/s11423-012-9251-8.
  • 15. Bell JJ, Hardy J. Effects of Attentional Focus on Skilled Performance in Golf. J Appl Sport Psychol. 2009;21(2):163-77. doi: 10.1080/10413200902795323.
  • 16. Hodges NJ, Franks IM. Learning a Coordination Skill: Interactive Effects of Instruction and Feedback. Res Q Exercise Sport. 2001;72(2):132-42. doi: 10.1080/02701367.2001.10608943.
  • 17. Totsika V, Wulf G. The influence of external and internal foci of attention on transfer to novel situations and skills. Res Q Exerc Sport. 2003;74(2):220-5. doi: 10.1080/02701367.2003.10609084. [PubMed: 12848235].
  • 18. Kuhn YA. Behavioral adaptations and underlying neural mechanisms in response to different foci of attention [dissertation]. University of Fribourg; 2015.
  • 19. Baddeley AD, Hitch G. Working Memory. Psychol Learn Motiv. 1974;8:47-89. doi: 10.1016/s0079-7421(08)60452-1.
  • 20. Meilinger T, Knauff M, Bulthoff HH. Working memory in wayfinding-a dual task experiment in a virtual city. Cogn Sci. 2008;32(4):755-70. doi: 10.1080/03640210802067004. [PubMed: 21635352].
  • 21. Roche RAP, Commins S, Agnew F, Cassidy S, Corapi K, Leibbrand S, et al. Concurrent task performance enhances low-level visuomotor learning. Percept Psychophys. 2007;69(4):513-22. doi: 10.3758/bf03193908.
  • 22. Hemond C, Brown RM, Robertson EM. A Distraction Can Impair or Enhance Motor Performance. J Neurosci. 2010;30(2):650-4. doi: 10.1523/jneurosci.4592-09.2010.
  • 23. Lovden M, Schaefer S, Pohlmeyer AE, Lindenberger U. Walking variability and working-memory load in aging: a dual-process account relating cognitive control to motor control performance. J Gerontol B Psychol Sci Soc Sci. 2008;63(3):P121-8. [PubMed: 18559676].
  • 24. Huxhold O, Li SC, Schmiedek F, Lindenberger U. Dual-tasking postural control: aging and the effects of cognitive demand in conjunction with focus of attention. Brain Res Bull. 2006;69(3):294-305. doi: 10.1016/j.brainresbull.2006.01.002. [PubMed: 16564425].

Featured Image:

Creative Commons License Except where otherwise noted, this work is licensed under Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial 4.0 International License .

Search Relations:

Author(s):

Article(s):

Create Citiation Alert
via Google Reader

Readers' Comments